Ascott Earl Motte and Bailey Castle
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Oxfordshire County Council
West Oxfordshire District Council
SE297297 (429678, 218457)
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A motte and bailey castle with evidence also for Iron Age and possible Saxon settlement. The castle dates to the 11th or early 12th century and is situated immediately southeast of the River Evenlode with its bailey extending to the northwest to enclose the land between the river and the motte at the edge of the floodplain on a slight natural spur. The motte has a diameter of 56 metres and a height of 3.5 metres above the present bailey interior. It has a flat summit which measures 45 metres northeast-southwest by 30 metres. The bailey is crescent-shaped with its interior measuring 70 metres north-south by 30 metres east- west and is bounded by a rampart bank which varies from 3 to 4.5 metres in width and up to 1.7 metres in height. Enclosing the bailey on all but the east side of the motte, is a largely infilled outer ditch which measures between 12 metres and 20 metres wide. Excavations and other observations indicate that the castle lies on the site of an Iron Age and possible Saxon settlement.
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