Bowl Barrow 950m North of Betton Farm

North Yorkshire

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Tagged With

Findspot
Neolithic

Data Source

English Heritage

County Council

North Yorkshire County Council

District Council

Scarborough Borough Council

Parish

East Ayton

Parliamentary Constituency

Scarborough and Whitby

Grid Reference

OV000000 (500015, 486406)

WGS84 Coordinates

54.2634, -0.464293

Nearest Postcode

YO13 9EL

The nearest postcode is an aid to location, and does not necessarily reflect the actual address of the monument. Most scheduled monuments are not occupied buildings and have no postal address or postcode of their own. In rural and coastal areas, the nearest geocodable postal address may be several miles away.


Notes

A Neolithic cairn excavated in 1849 by Conyngham and again in 1960 by Vatcher, the latter unpublished. It is one of a pair of barrows described by Conyngham (see also TA 08 NW 22), and was described by him as measuring 160 feet by 100 feet. At a distance of 40 feet from the exterior of the mound, he found a cairn of limestone rubble surrounded by a kerb of stone blocks. Beneath this cairn were considerable signs of burning, plus a quantity of animal and human bones and pottery. Beneath the centre if this cairn were "two separate masses of human bones, very much decomposed. With each mass was a rude spear, or arrowhead of flint..". A secondary interment inserted into the mound comprised a small group of human bones with a stone rubber, 3 edge-polished flint axes, one edge-polished flint adze, 5 lozenge flint arrowheads, 1 polished flint knife, 1 flint plano-convex knife, 2 flint flakes, 2 boar tusk blades and an antler macehead. Published details of Vatcher's excavations are few. Interims refer to a stone and timber rectangular mortuary structure 25 feet by 17 feet. The north and south sides were flanked by drystone walls which continued east and expanded to form a forecourt at the eastern end. Subsequently this forecourt area was closed by a stone and post wall across the front. This enclosed forecourt was used as a site for cremations. Bones of several individuals were present, as were Neolithic bowl sherds. Charcoal has produced a radicoarbon date of 3080+/-90 bc (uncalibrated). Subsequently the structures were partly demolished and infilled with rubble. Vatcher describes the final mound as a long barrow, though Kinnes (1979) lists it as a round cairn, and Kinnes & Longworth (1985) as an oval cairn. In 1954, 6 years prior to excavation, it measured 68 feet by 48 feet, and 4.5 feet high.

English Heritage

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