Roman Villa, Anglo-Saxon Hall, Cemetery and Church Site, Around and to the North and East of St Mary and All Saints Church

Essex

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Tagged With

Lithic Scatter
Mesolithic

Data Source

English Heritage

County Council

Essex County Council

District Council

Braintree District Council

Parish

Rivenhall

Parliamentary Constituency

Witham

Grid Reference

OV829829 (582942, 217786)

WGS84 Coordinates

51.8282, 0.655161

Nearest Postcode

CM8 3PH

The nearest postcode is an aid to location, and does not necessarily reflect the actual address of the monument. Most scheduled monuments are not occupied buildings and have no postal address or postcode of their own. In rural and coastal areas, the nearest geocodable postal address may be several miles away.


Notes

Excavations dating from 1846 to the 1970s have uncovered the site of a Roman villa complex; evidence for Late Iron Age occupation of the site was also uncovered. Two substantial Roman buildings, a detached bath complex and a possible aisled barn were partially excavated. The remains of a possible Anglo-Saxon hall and possible Grubenhaus along with other evidence for post-Roman occupation of the site were uncovered: though whether this indicated continuous occupation of the site is perhaps debateable. Excavations also uncovered the possible remains of a timber Anglo-Saxon church and inhumation cemetery (TL 81 NW 10) overlying part of the villa complex. The Roman phase appears to date from the late 1st century AD to the 4th century. Finds from the Mesolithic to the Bronze Age were also found.

English Heritage

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