Group of Shielings, 100m North of Tinkler Crags

Cumbria

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Tagged With

Medieval
Shieling

Data Source

English Heritage

County Council

Cumbria County Council

District Council

Carlisle City Council

Parish

Kingwater

Parliamentary Constituency

Penrith and The Border

Grid Reference

SJ635635 (363456, 571506)

WGS84 Coordinates

55.0367, -2.57186

Nearest Postcode

CA8 7AT

The nearest postcode is an aid to location, and does not necessarily reflect the actual address of the monument. Most scheduled monuments are not occupied buildings and have no postal address or postcode of their own. In rural and coastal areas, the nearest geocodable postal address may be several miles away.


Notes

Earthwork remains of 12 shielings, situated on flat land within a meander of the steep sided King Water burn. The shielings range in date from medieval through to post medieval and a variety of forms are visible. Documents record the name `Kingschales' in 1292 and in 1346 and this is thought to be a reference to the many shielings scattered along the King Water Valley. Three main groups of shielings, representing three main phases of use, are visible at the monument. The first phase is represented by a group of six shielings all of which are orientated with their long axis parallel to the burn. They are also relatively short in length, ranging between 5.7 metres to 6.1 metres. Five of this group of six shielings are visible as slight rectangular platforms, while the sixth, situated at the extreme southern edge of the monument, is visible as a stony platform standing 0.3 metres high. The second phase is represented by a group of four well-preserved shielings, visible as rectanguar buildings with walls standing on average to a height of 0.5 metres. All of the shielings in this group lie at right angles to the burn. They range in length from 7.4 metres to 9.5 metres and all have a short annexe attached to their eastern or western ends; the most northerly of this group has an annexe attached to both ends. These shielings are also all divided into two rooms by an internal stone wall and three of the four have an entrance through their south wall. Two of the shielings in this group clearly overlie two shielings of the first phase. The third phase at the monument is represented by a single building; it is square in shape with a narrow passage along its eastern side; buildings of similar form elsewhere in the region are thought to be relatively late post-medieval in date. At the northern end of the monument a circular sheepfold of 19th century date partially overlies two of the shielings. Scheduled.

English Heritage

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