Roman Villa 630m South West of Starveall Farm

Wiltshire

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Tagged With

Building
Iron Age

Data Source

English Heritage

County Council (Unitary)

Swindon Borough Council

Parish

Bishopstone

Parliamentary Constituency

South Swindon

Grid Reference

SE260260 (426001, 181628)

WGS84 Coordinates

51.5325, -1.62511

Nearest Postcode

SN6 8NZ

The nearest postcode is an aid to location, and does not necessarily reflect the actual address of the monument. Most scheduled monuments are not occupied buildings and have no postal address or postcode of their own. In rural and coastal areas, the nearest geocodable postal address may be several miles away.


Notes

The site of a Roman villa near Starveall Farm, Bishopstone. A tessellated pavement was uncovered during ploughing in 1880, but no record exists if subsequent investigation. Fragments of painted wall plaster, hypocaust tiles, potsherds and coins were also reported from the area in subsequent years. Trial trenching in the 1920s and 1930s relocated the site of the building. Aerial photography in 1969 revealed a series of ditched enclosures surrounding the area, and two areas were excavated in 1972. Three rooms and part of the yard of an intra-mural villa were found. Two of the rooms featured traces of mosaic floors, and one featured a channeled hypocaust. Building debris included much tile and wall plaster, plus mortared chalk and flint blocks. A rectangular building found by geophysical survey was confimed by small scale excavation. The pattern of ditches visible from the air indicates that the villa enclosure straddles the farm track and encloses a total area of 4.5 hectares. Iron Age sherds were also recovered during the excavations.The cropmark remains of a sub-rectangular enclosure at this location and further cropmarks of fragmented encolsures and ditches to the north-east were mapped from aerial photographs.

English Heritage

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