Colliery on Rudland Rigg, 825m North East of Bog House
North Yorkshire County Council
Ryedale District Council
Thirsk and Malton
SE656656 (465625, 494135)
The nearest postcode is an aid to location, and does not necessarily reflect the actual address of the monument. Most scheduled monuments are not occupied buildings and have no postal address or postcode of their own. In rural and coastal areas, the nearest geocodable postal address may be several miles away.
The remains of an 18th and 19th century colliery situated in open moorland on Rudland Rigg. The colliery remains include shaft-mounds covering an extensive area of moorland. Dating from the mid 18th century, the colliery was operated using the board and pillar method. Shafts were sunk in lines following the coal measure running east-north-east to west-south-west and spaced 40-60 metres apart. The shafts were connected at the bottom with the passages, or boards, which mined the seam, leaving a pillar of unexcavated material between each board to support the roof. The coal seam was poor and lay at a modest depth of between 9-12 metres and was very thin, measuring only 0.25 metres. Remains of this activity survive as shaft-mounds up to 50 metres across which were formed by excavated spoil. The shaft-mounds will retain evidence of pit top features such as winding gear, gin circles and temporary buildings for shelter and storage. The colliery was served by a complex of trackways and sled tracks linking the shafts and allowing access, remains of which will survive between the shaft-mounds. Scheduled.
Within the area covered by these Spoil Heaps which literally cover this part of Rudland Rigg at Bog House itself is a Standing Stone of antiquity and is marked as such on the OS map. This is at SE 65508 93300, it is within a field on private land and I have uploaded some photos which were taken with permission.
John D hunter , 24 May 2014
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