Moated Site, Fishponds and Decoy Pond 490m North West of Park Spring Farm
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Nottinghamshire County Council
Newark and Sherwood District Council
SE726726 (472592, 358369)
The earthwork and buried reamins of a moated site, fishponds and duck decy situated in Park Spring Wood. The site forms part of Winkburn Hall estate which, in its current form, dates to the late 17th century. It is possible, however, that the monument dates from the medieval period when the land was held by the Knights Hospitallers. The monument survives as a series of earthworks which include a roughly square shaped island measuring 16 metres by 16 metres which is slightly domed in profile. The island is surrounded by a moat which is 8 metres wide and up to 2 metres deep. A pipe 4.5 metres wide extends from the northern corner of the moat. This narrows and shallows out at its northern end but has been truncated by a ditch and trackway. This is interpreted as a pipe along which ducks would be enticed before being captured in nets. The moat is surrounded by a bank on all sides, 12 metres wide. Cut into the bank on the south western side are a series of three roughly rectangular compartments, each measuring 12 metres long and 6 metres wide. These lie parallel to each other and at right angles to the main ditch of the moat and are interpreted as ponds. Each of the ponds open into the main ditch but evidence of a low bank across the opening of two of the ponds suggest these were separated to some degree from the main moat. On the south east and north west sides a dry gully 0.5 metres wide is evident outside the bank. It is possible that this surrounded the whole complex but a drainage ditch, which currently holds running water, has been cut on the south west side and a woodland boundary ditch obscures the evidence on the north eastern side. The whole complex is interpreted as a moated site with associated fishponds. It probably functioned as a fish farm, wildfowl refuge and duck decoy site. Scheduled.