Romano-British Settlement and Field System at Rainster Rocks
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Derbyshire County Council
Derbyshire Dales District Council
SE219219 (421924, 354740)
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The extensive remains of a Romano-British period settlement and field system, visible as lynchets, terraces, embankments, platforms and orthostatic boulder walls. The settlement stands on gently sloping ground at the foot of a dolomitic limestone outcrop known as Rainster Rocks. A series of low, orthostat walls forming a series of enclosures are a key element of the site. In addition there are earthen terraces and platfroms and connecting trackways or droves, forming the remains of a settlement of some complexity. The site lies between the rock face of the outcrop to the north and later ridge and furrow ploughing to the south. Partial excavation of the area in the early 20th century revealed that the site was occupied during the third and fourth centuries AD. Finds included fine and coarse pottery together with metalwork and coins from this period. Further excavations in the 1970s revealed that lead smelting was also likely to have been one of the activities in the settlement. There are between 10 and 12 level platforms on which stood buildings which are thought to have been sub-rectangular in shape. Associated with the settlement are fragments of its field systems lying to the east, west and south east, visible as faint plough marks, terraces and lynchets. These features are bounded in some places by the remains of field banks. The settlement is approached by what appears to be an original track from the present road to the village of Brassington. Scheduled.
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