Hylton Castle: a Medieval Fortified House, Chapel, 17th and 18th Century Country Houses and Associated Gardens

Tyne and Wear

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Hylton Castle Chapel
Hylton Castle Chapel
Hylton Castle

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Tagged With

Garden Terrace
Post Medieval

Data Source

English Heritage

District Council

Sunderland

County Council (Unitary)

Sunderland

Parish

Sunderland

Parliamentary Constituency

Washington and Sunderland West

Grid Reference

SE359359 (435865, 558698)

WGS84 Coordinates

54.9216, -1.44037

Nearest Postcode

SR5 3PB

The nearest postcode is an aid to location, and does not necessarily reflect the actual address of the monument. Most scheduled monuments are not occupied buildings and have no postal address or postcode of their own. In rural and coastal areas, the nearest geocodable postal address may be several miles away.


Notes

The remains of the 17th century and later gardens at Hylton Castle. The landscape around the surviving upstanding remains of Hylton Castle and chapel is of at least two phases, a 17th century garden, and a 19th century landscaped park. The remains of the 17th century gardens includes three terraces, and a canal water feature. The lower terrace, to the east of the chapel, overlies a stretch of medieval ridge and furrow cultivation, which is visible to the east of this terrace. A 1737 map of the Sunderland area uses as a vignette an elevation of Hylton Castle. This shows a knot garden on the upper terrace with a wall at its east end. The terraces would have been laid out to gardens and incorporated recreational facilities such as a bowling green recorded in the estate sale of 1750. The canal water feature is situated about 190 metres south of the gatetower and measures 70 metres long by 14 metres wide. In the 19th century the area around Hylton Castle was turned into a landscaped park. A vista from the gatetower to the west was created by an avenue between wooded areas and a walled garden was established to the north of this avenue. Scheduled.

English Heritage

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