Unenclosed Hut Circle Settlement, Two Round Cairns, Medieval Transhumance Settlement and Two Pillow Mounds, 360m South East of Rey Cross Roman Camp
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County Council (Unitary)
Durham County Council
SJ903903 (390254, 512093)
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The remains of a hut circle settlement and two round cairns of prehistoric date, a seasonally occupied medieval and post-medieval settlement and two pillow mounds, situated 360 metres south east of Ray Cross Roman Camp. The hut circle settlement is visible as the remains of at least six circular stone founded houses and at least four sub-circular enclosures scattered along the length of the undulating terrace. The hut circles vary in diameter between 5 metres and 11 metres and on average stand 0.5 metres high with walls 1.5 metres thick. Two sub-circular mounds of stone thought to be the remains of two round cairns are situated some 30 metres south east of the hut circles at the centre of the monument. The most westerly cairn is sub-circular in shape and measures 4 metres by 5 metres across. The second cairn measures 11 metres by 8 metres. This cairn has been incorporated into a group of later structures which it is thought were constructed upon the central area of the hut circle settlement. The later group of structures are thought to represent seasonally occupied medieval or post-medieval settlement and include the remains of two rectilinear buildings and a larger yard or paddock; a series of discontinuous stone walls link the structures. To the east of this complex there are further remains of the hut circle settlement, including a hut circle and a larger sub-circular enclosure. At the western end and the north eastern periphery of the monument there are two well preserved mounds of stone and earth which have been interpreted as the remains of pillow mounds representing the remains of a rabbit warren. At the extreme north western end of the monument further remains of stone structures are visible; these are thought to represent a later stage in the development of the medieval settlement. One of these structures, a circular mound, 10 metres in diameter, is thought to represent the remains of a kiln. Scheduled.
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