Great Grassoms Prehistoric Cairnfield, Four Funerary Cairns, Two Medieval Dispersed Settlements and Associated Field Systems on Bootle Fell
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Cumbria County Council
Copeland Borough Council
SJ133133 (313334, 488398)
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The remains of Great Grassoms prehistoric field system, four funerary cairns, two medieval dispersed settlements and associated enclosed field systems, located on Bootle Fell. The prehistoric cairnfield is centred at SD12168830 and includes 16 clearance cairns. Within this cairnfield are four oval shaped funerary cairns measuring between 7.5 metres to 10.6 metres long by 6.5 metres to 8 metres wide and up to 0.45 metres high. At SD13408846 there are the lower courses of a three roomed stone built or stone and timber built farmhouse which formed part of one of the two medieval dispersed settlements. To the north west of the farmhouse there is a rectilinear enclosure measuring 26 metres by 13 metres which is bordered by well defined stone banks. A field system associated with this settlement consists of two fields, one of which was used to contain stock. A short distance up the hillside, at SD13568837, lies the second of the two medieval dispersed settlements. It is similar in layout to the other although its house and fields are larger. This settlement consists of the lower courses of a two roomed stone built or stone and timber built farmhouse measuring 24 metres by 9 metres. To the north west of the farmhouse there is a rectangular enclosure which is likely to have served as arable rather than a pastoral function. Two large banks and ditches extend north and south west from the farmhouse and form the outer boundaries of two large fields separated by a low stone wall which together comprise the field system associated with this settlement. These two medieval dispersed settlements are located on exposed, relatively high land and such terrain is traditionally associated with pastoralism. There is evidence, however, that some of the fields or small enclosures were used for cultivation, thus indicating that a mixed economy was undertaken here. Scheduled.
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