Middleton Top winding engine house, wheels and wheel-pit
Derbyshire County Council
Derbyshire Dales District Council
SE276276 (427599, 355177)
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Standing on the top of Middleton Incline in the High Peak is the restored Middleton Top engine house, it was built in 1829 and was used to haul wagons up the incline,a distance of 708 yards and gradient of 1 in 8.5, for 134 years before retirement in 1963.
Middleton Top engine house is the only survivor of nine that once stood at the top of every incline along the Cromford and High Peak Railway, it houses a Butterley beam steam engine which in the past hauled the wagons up the track by means of a cable.
Two reservoirs once stood on what is now a lawn outside Middleton Top, rainwater was diverted from the roof of the locomotive shed and recycled from the engine house. Water tanks were hauled along the line to provide water for the locomotives and cottages on the side of the line.
Karen Lee, 13 November 2011
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