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Oxfordshire County Council
Vale of White Horse District Council
SE487487 (448735, 193572)
The nearest postcode is an aid to location, and does not necessarily reflect the actual address of the monument. Most scheduled monuments are not occupied buildings and have no postal address or postcode of their own. In rural and coastal areas, the nearest geocodable postal address may be several miles away.
Sutton Courtenay Bronze Age and Saxon settlement sites excavated by ET Leeds in advance of gravel extraction between 1921 and 1937. The Bronze Age settlement consisted of a number of pits and ring ditches and a rectangular ditched enclosure some 750 yards long and 75 yards wide. This enclosure, and a number of probable barrow-circles, are considered by Leeds to be either late Neolithic or Early Bronze Age in date. A cursus was also discovered, (see SU 49 SE 83). The Saxon settlement comprised at least 33 huts of grubenhaus type and is a classic example of a pagan Saxon village of the 5th-6th centuries. The sunken-floored dwellings were marked by sub-rectangular pits with post-holes, although some of these pits appear to represent industrial structures. The Anglo-Saxon buildings with sunken features appear to be arranged on the sides of a large open space. Individual buildings show considerable variation. Aerial photographs show that the settlement continued to the south. Some Roman finds were encountered, which the excavator believed to be re-used by the Saxons and not evidence of Roman occupation. However, a Roman ditch, part of an adjoining trackway and 2 enclosures, containing 2nd and 3rd century pottery, were discovered in 1980, and may indicate Roman activity in the area. examination of the material evidence suggests that the Saxon site was a major high status site.
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