Birkby Colliery Conical Spoil Tip 600m West of Rose Gill Mill
Cumbria County Council
Allerdale Borough Council
SJ077077 (307745, 537605)
The nearest postcode is an aid to location, and does not necessarily reflect the actual address of the monument. Most scheduled monuments are not occupied buildings and have no postal address or postcode of their own. In rural and coastal areas, the nearest geocodable postal address may be several miles away.
A post medieval/ 20th Century colliery is visible as an earthwork and structures on air photographs. The monument includes a conical spoil heap, a series of tub runs along which the spoil was transported prior to tipping, and in situ remains of parts of the tub haulage system. It is situated on the southern bank of the River Ellen at the eastern end of the now disused 19th/20th century Birkby Colliery. The tip covers a maximum area of 200 metres by 125 metres and is approximately 40 metres high. Spoil was transported by rail a short distance eastwards from the mine and initial tipping occured at the south western part of the tip; a few wooden railway sleepers indicate the course of the inclined tub run which leads to a flat area of spoil. From here five fingers of spoil spread outwards a short distance to the south and south west. The main tub run climbed steeply up the western side of the tip, its course marked by iron spikes which held the rails up which the tubs were hauled in place. At the summit a 15 metres length of iron base to which the rail track was fastened remains in situ. At the foot of the tip's eastern side there is an in situ iron which assisted hauling the tubs up the main tub run. There is another tub run visible on the northern side of the tip; the junction of this and the main tub run can be seen on the lower western slope of the tip, from here it survives as a terrace inclining up the north side of the tip from where spoil was deposited down towards the river. Birkby Colliery closed during the late 1950s. Scheduled.
We don't have any user-contributed notes about this monument yet. Do you know anything about it that you can tell us? Add your contribution here.