Winyards Nick Prehistoric Field System
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County Council (Unitary)
SE254254 (425376, 381097)
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A series of Bronze Age cairns with associated clearance banks located in open moorland overlooking the Burbage Valley. The remains demonstrate that this was an area of prehistoric settlement. The monument consists of at least 20 cairns of medium and large stones distributed throughout the area, many of which have been placed over large earthfast boulders. Some appear to have been disturbed in recent times, but many appear intact. It is also likely that other small cairns and possible fragments of linear clearance banks still lie undiscovered in dense areas of heather growth. The cairns are of varying size, ranging from 2 metres to 9 metres in diameter. Some are ovoid in plan, typically 11 metres by 5 metres. It is thought that the primary function of the cairns was for agricultural clearance but it is possible that there may have been secondary human burial deposits placed in some of them, especiall the larger ones. To the south of the cairns and the main cleared areas are the fragmentary remains of a linear clearance bank comprising small, medium and large weathered stones. In places, the bank is substantial and impressive and about 0.85 metres high. More fragments of linear clearance banking can be seen to the north west of the southern bank. Cairns, some ovoid in shape, are also contained within fragments of the banking. The southernmost clearance bank runs east-west, but those fragments of banking to the north west are curving and run north-south, indicating that these formed two sides of an enclosed area at an earlier date or that the cleared area was subdivided into small fields. The combination of the cairnfield, cleared land and the linear clearance banks shows that the area was used for agricultural purposes and that at least some of the cleared area was arranged as a field system. Scheduled.
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