Square and Circular Barrows 260m South East of Parsonage Farm
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Essex County Council
Uttlesford District Council
OV627627 (562728, 222982)
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The buried remains of three square barrows and a single circular barrow of Iron Age or Early Roman date located 260 metres south east of Parsonage farm on the northern soutskirts of Great Dunmow. Although the square and circular barrows are no longer visible on the ground, their infilled ditches and central burial pits can be seen from the air as cropmarks. These cropmarks were first identified on aerial photographs taken during the summer drought of 1976. The three sqaure barrows are defined by broad ditches, each enclosing areas measuring some 9 metres to 10 metres sqaure, with slightly rounded corners. Internal burial pits are visible within each of the three enclsoed areas. The circular barrow is some 10 metres in diameter; it to has a broad perimeter ditch and internal pits of primary and secondary burials. Originally the barrows would have had internal mounds created by the upcast from the excavation of the ditches; these, however have long since been reduced by ploughing. All four barrows are aligned close together on a NNW-SSE axis. Although most sqaure barrows are of Iron Age date, finds collected from the filed surface suggest that these examples may be of Roman origin. Artefacts from the Roman period have been found in the field since the 1760s, when late second century coins were collected. A more recent find of a glass ointment jar dating to the second to third centuries AD is most likely to have been derived from a disturbed grave fill. Scheduled.
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